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‘HIV Self-Testing’ receives International Recognition

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AWomantestingA Woman Undergoing Self-TestingHIV Self-testing has been recognized as one of the best ways of offering opportunity to people especially from resource poor communities to test themselves in private and know their HIV status which has potential benefit of helping them to live a positive life.

 

According to research findings, one of the main obstacles to improving HIV/TB control is low uptake of regular HIV testing by many adults in Africa.

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Optimising the Programmatic Deployment of Antimalarials using Pharmacological modelling

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Weight-based antimalarial treatment options for Coartem (LA)A recent paper published by Dr. Eva Maria Hodel and colleagues highlights the differences in effectiveness between the highly controlled settings under which antimalarial drugs are tested and the real-life settings and ways they may be used in practice.

 

As part of an MRC methodology research grant held by Drs Ian Hastings & Anja Terlouw, Dr Hodel used mathematical models to simulate realistic antimalarial drug treatment practices in real-life settings that may either be impossible, difficult or unethical to test in trials.

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New Genetic Discovery could Improve Diagnosis of Childhood TB

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Dr. Suzanne Anderson during an examination exercise. A distinctive genetic ‘signature’ found in the blood of children with tuberculosis (TB) offers new hope for improved diagnosis of the disease, reveals a  recently published study in the New England Journal of Medicine.

 

 

It is hoped that the findings could be used to develop cheap, quick and effective diagnostic test. The study which was conducted in Malawi, Kenya, and South Africa, showed that the disease can be identified in over 80 percent of cases by looking at 51 specific genes in the blood of affected children. By examining blood samples of children to see which genes were activated or suppressed in those with the disease, the researchers found that TB could be distinguished from other diseases.

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